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Australia 2011-P ANZAC Memorial Day #3 - RAAF Royal Australian Air Force Brewster F2A Buffalo Fighter Plane $1 Dollar BU for Veterans / Armistice / Remembrance Day

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64563
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This special edition dollar, featuring an US-built Brewster F2A Buffalo fighter from World War II, remembers those who served, and those who died, for our freedom!

Sold out at the Mint!To honor veterans everywhere, both those living and their fallen comrades, the Perth Mint of Australia has released this significant military coin commemorating ANZAC Day. The design is interesting, particularly to Americans, for it portrays a fighter plane built in the United States. Below the plane are two fighter pilots in of the Royal Australia Air Force (RAAF), wearing World War II-era flight suits. It is their sacrifice, and those of his brothers in arms who have preceded him in death (as represented by the bugler playing Taps in the background) who have secured the future liberty and happiness for the freedom loving nations of the world.

An United States-built Brewster F2A Buffalo fighter aircraft, of the type loaned to the Royal Australian Air Force RAAF during World War II.World War II Fighter Aircraft - The Brewster F2A Buffalo
It is quite significant that the airplane pictured on this coin is none other than the Brewster F2A Buffalo fighter plane, for this plane was built in the United States! A number of these fighters were "loaned" to the Royal Australian Air Force during the darkest days of the Second World War.

The Brewster F2A Buffalo was an American fighter aircraft which saw service during World War II. Initially developed in the late 1930s, in 1939 the F2A won a competition (against the Grumman F4F Wildcat) to become the U.S. Navy's first monoplane fighter aircraft. Several other nations, including Finland, Belgium, Britain and the Netherlands, ordered the Buffalo to bolster their struggling air arms. The Finns found their Buffaloes effective, flying them in combat with excellent results. During the Continuation War of 1941–1944, the B-239s (a denavalized F2A-1) operated by the Finnish Air Force proved capable of engaging and destroying most types of Soviet fighter aircraft operating against Finland at that time and achieving, in the first phase of that conflict, a kill ratio of 32:1 (i.e., 32 Soviet aircraft shot down for every B-239 lost) and producing 36 Buffalo "aces".

When World War II began in the Pacific, in December 1941, the outnumbered Buffaloes suffered severe losses with both British Commonwealth (B-339E) and Dutch (B-339D) air forces in South East Asia while facing the Japanese Navy's A6M Zero and the Japanese Army's Nakajima Ki-43 "Oscar". The British attempted to lighten their Buffaloes, by removing ammunition and fuel, and installing lighter guns, in order to increase performance, but it made little difference.

An United States-built Brewster F2A Buffalo fighter aircraft, of the type loaned to the Royal Australian Air Force RAAF during World War II.Following the surrender of the Netherlands East Indies to the Japanese in 1942, 17 Buffaloes belonging to the Netherlands Colonial Air Force were transferred to the US Fifth Air Force in Australia. All of these USAAF aircraft were lent to the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), with which they were used mainly for air defence duties outside frontline areas, photo-reconnaissance and gunnery training. Between August 1942 and November 1943, 10 of these Buffaloes constituted the air defense force for Perth, Western Australia, while assigned to 25 and 85 Squadrons at bases RAAF Pearce and RAAF Guildford. In 1944, all of the surviving aircraft were transferred to the back to the USAAF .

The F2A Buffalo also saw action with United States Marine Corps (USMC) squadrons at the Battle of Midway. Shown by the experience of Midway to be no match for the Zero, the F2A-3 was labeled by USMC pilots as a "flying coffin." However, the F2A-3 was significantly inferior to the F2A-2 used by the Navy pre-war. It was built in three significant variants for the US Navy, F2A-1, F2A-2, and F2A-3. In foreign service, with lower horsepower engines, these types were designated respectively, B-239, B-339, and B-339-23.

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Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC)
Australian and New Zealand troops establish a beachhead during the initial ANZAC landings at ANZAC Cove, the start of the Battle of Gallipoli land campaign in 1915, during the First World War I. ANZAC army formations and units include both Australian and New Zealand troops. The term ANZAC originated as an acronym for the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps, an army group of Australian and New Zealand troops who fought against the Ottoman Turks in 1915 at the Battle of Gallipoli during World War I. This Australian and New Zealand Army Corps was disbanded in 1916 and other ANZAC formations were then formed and fought during that war in the Middle East and on the Western Front. The term ANZAC was used again during the Second World War and the Vietnam War as part of the name of battalions composed of Australian and New Zealand troops.

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ANZAC Day
Within Australasia, ANZAC came to stand not just for the troops in World War I, but for Australian and New Zealand soldiers in time of war more generally. ANZAC Day is observed annually in memory of those soldiers who died in war. It is celebrated each year by both countries on April 25th, the date of the first landing at Gallipoli in 1915, on a beach known as ANZAC Cove. ANZAC Day now more broadly commemorates all those who died and served in military operations. As such, it is very similar to days such as Memorial Day, Veterans Day, Armistice Day, Remembrance Day and V-E Day that are celebrated in the United States, Canada, and other western countries.

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2011 ANZAC Day Coin in PackageObverse
Two fighter pilots wearing Second World War flying suits stand beneath a Brewster F2A Buffalo fighter plane, while a silhouetted bugler in the background plays "Taps". The legend LEST WE FORGET APRIL 25 marks the commemoration. The Perth Mint's "P" mint mark also appears.

Reverse
The reverse features Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II of England, in crowned profile facing right. This portrait, featuring Her Majesty wearing a tiara and pearl earrings, was executed by the sculptor Ian Rank-Broadley. The legend ELIZABETH II, the date and the denomination also appear.

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Packaging
Each coin is encapsulated and sealed inside a full color, lavishly illustrated presentation card with fold out stand for upright display. The card includes additional information about ANZAC Day and full coin specifications.

Specifications
An United States-built Brewster F2A Buffalo fighter aircraft, of the type loaned to the Royal Australian Air Force RAAF during World War II.
Country Australia
Mint Perth Mint of Australia
Year of Issue 2011
   
Face Value (Set) One Dollar
Weight 13.80 grams
Diameter 30.20 mm
Gauge (Thickness) 3.10 mm
   
Finish Brilliant Uncirculated
Composition Aluminum Bronze
Edge Reeded (milled, serrated)
   
Artist Wade Robinson (obverse)
Ian Rank-Broadley (reverse)

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