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Tuvalu 2018-P Warfare #1 - Roman Legion - Centurion and Legionary Legionnaire $2 2 Troy Ounce Pure Silver Ultra High Relief Medallic Rimless Antiqued Piedfort Proof with 3D Viewing Goggles P02

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65115
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Product Description

First in a new series - Warfare! Get the Roman legion, with its centurions and legionaries, in the midst of battle against the Gauls on this ultra high relief, two troy ounce, pure silver, rimless medallic antiqued proof!

Talisman Coins and the Perth Mint are excited to present the Roman Centurion 2 Troy Ounce Pure Silver High Relief Antiqued Coin, the first of three anticipated coins in the new Warfare series.

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A Roman Centurion, on of the officers of a Roman legion, who commanded between 80 to 100 legionaries, or foot soldiers.A centurion was a principal professional officer in the army of ancient Rome. Each centurion commanded a century, a unit of 100 soldiers within a Roman legion which comprised 3,000 to 6,000 soldiers.

Tough, courageous and highly disciplined, centurions formed the command structure of the Roman army, a formidable fighting force that conquered and controlled a vast empire for hundreds of years. These highly esteemed officers received much greater reward than the common soldiers and were responsible for enforcing discipline within each legion.

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The coin depicts a group of Roman centurions fighting a battle against the Gauls. In the background are two centurions on horseback as well as a war elephant and an aquila.

To capture the depth and detail of the design, the coin is struck in high relief to a rimless format, and has been individually ‘antiqued’ to give it a unique finish conveying the surface abrasions of an ancient artefact. As a result of this treatment the appearance of each coin may vary.

The following 2 Troy Ounce Pure Silver Antiqued Proof coins are planned for the Warfare series:

    1)  Roman Legions
    2)  Viking Norsemen
    3)  Cavalry
 

3D Goggles Included!
A first for The Perth Mint, the Roman Legions coin is accompanied by 3D goggles and an immersive 360˚ panoramic illustration of the battle represented on the coin. The image can be automatically viewed on any smartphone by tapping the phone against the NFC chip included with the certificate, then placing the phone in the 3D VR goggles. It is truly a sight to behold! (Please note, only the first coin in the Warfare series comes with free 3D goggles. After this the goggles will not be available.)

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The Cornerstone of Empire
A fully equipped and heavily armed and armored Roman Legionary, an infantry foot soldier. Anyone who has studied military history knows that (with all due respect to naval historian and theorist Alfred Thayer Mahan) wars are won and lost by boots on the ground. No one understood this better than the Romans, who seemingly effortlessly conquered the entire Mediterranean basin and beyond with little use for (or help from) a navy. Instead, they dealt death to their enemies with one of the most fearsome infantry formations the world has ever seen - the Roman legion.

The Roman legion (from the Latin legio, meaning "military levy, conscription," from legere, "to choose") refers to the heavy infantry that was the basic military unit of the ancient Roman army in the period of the late Roman Republic and the Roman Empire. A legion consisted of several cohorts of heavy infantry known as legionaries or legionnaires. It was almost always accompanied by one or more attached units of auxiliaries, who were not Roman citizens and provided cavalry, ranged troops and skirmishers to complement the legion's heavy infantry.

The size of a typical legion varied widely throughout the history of ancient Rome, with complements of 4,200 legionaries and 300 equites in the republican period of Rome to 5,200 men plus auxiliaries in the imperial period.

Legions were created, used, and disbanded time and again throughout the history of the Roman Empire. Several hundred legions were named and numbered during this period; to date, about fifty have been identified. In the time of the Early Roman Empire, there were usually about 25 to 35 standing legions plus their auxiliaries, with more raised as needed.

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The Roman Legionary
Tough, courageous and highly-disciplined infantry soldiers, professional legionaries formed the backbone of the Roman army, a formidable fighting force that conquered and controlled Rome’s vast Empire. Rome made sure that her troops were equipped with staunch weaponry and armor.

The legionary on the coin is depicted with the standard equipment of the early Empire period. He is dressed in a galea, a metal helmet with cheek guards, and a cuirass, body armor comprising overlapping iron plates or scales, known as lorica segmentata. The legionary is also wearing an apron of leather strips featuring metal plates hanging from his belt, and caligae, leather sandals with iron hobnails.

The principle weapon of the legionnaire was the gladius, or short broad sword, which was protected in a scabbard or sheath. Using this heavy iron weapon, ranks of legionaries could cut a swath through opposing formations; it was the ideal weapon for a foot soldier engaged in hand-to-hand combat. Roman infantry also carried a pugio or broad-bladed dagger as a sidearm or backup weapon. For defense in melee combat and from ranged weapons such as arrows, the legionnaire carried a  rectangular, semi-cylindrical body shield known as a scutum.

After the auxiliaries had launched their missile attacks (arrows) and the cavalry had harassed the flanks of the enemy formations (both to soften up and demoralize the enemy), the legionaries themselves would attack. A basic tactic was for the Roman infantry to advance in lockstep at a measured pace, holding their shields forward for maximum protection while thrusting and stabbing forward with the gladius. Against the disciplined rigor of the Roman legions, few barbarians could stand long without breaking formation and retreating.

A formation of heavily armed and armored Roman legionnaires advances in lockstep formation.


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Greek Corinthian Helmet and the skull reportedly found inside it from the Battle of Marathon, now residing in the Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto.What is a Piedfort?
Hard to find and popular with collectors for more than a century, piedforts are highly sought after. We get asked all the time, "What is a piedfort?" There are two different, but related, stories of the origin of the word "piedfort". The first says that it literally means "strong foot" in French (from pied, foot and fort, strong). The second says this word was appropriated by the mint centuries ago to mean "heavy measure" or "heavy weight". In both cases, the sense of serious heft to the coin is obvious.

Often the word "piedfort" is translated as "double-thick", but this is neither a literal translation nor a precisely accurate definition. Numismatically speaking, any coin that is 50% or more thicker than a standard version qualifies as a piedfort, although some piedforts are, indeed, twice as thick as normal.

Finally, the age-old question, "How is the word pronounced?" Coming from French, it is not pronounced as it is spelled; that is, don't say, "pide - fort". Rather, "pee - ay - four" (three syllables) is a good approximation.

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Obverse
The coin depicts a group of Roman centurions fighting a battle against the Gauls. In the background are two centurions on horseback as well as a war elephant and an aquila. The ultra high relief is absolutely spectacular. When combined with the antique finish, which outlines and highlights all the different design elements to incredible effect, a tremendous sensation of depth and perspective is created, in the best tradition of medallic art. There are no legends on the obverse to detract from the beauty and power of the design. The Perth Mint's "P" mint mark can be found at the 3:30 position near the edge.

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Reverse
Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II, in crowned profile facing right. This portrait, featuring Her Majesty wearing a tiara and pearl earrings, was executed by the sculptor Ian Rank-Broadley. The legend ELIZABETH II, the date of issue and denomination also appear. The legend 2 OZ 999 SILVER guarantees the weight and purity.

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Packaging
The coin is enclosed inside a handsome taupe leatherette, clamshell-style presentation case, lined with black velvet and satin, and protected by a full color outer box. An individually-numbered certificate of authenticity is included.

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Specifications

Country Tuvalu
Mint Perth Mint of Australia
Year of Issue 2018
   
Face Value Two Dollars
Weight 62.213 g
Diameter 40.60 mm
Gauge (Thickness)   6.42 mm
Mintage Limit    2,000
   
Finish Antique with Ultra High Relief
Composition .999 Fine (Pure) Silver
Edge Plain
   
Artist Lucas Bowers (obverse)
Ian Rank-Broadley (reverse)
Certificate Individually Numbered

The Island Nation of Tuvalu

Tuvalu, formerly known as the Ellice Islands, is a Polynesian island nation located in the Pacific Ocean midway between Hawaii and Australia. Its nearest neighbors are Kiribati, Samoa and Fiji. It is comprised of four reef islands and five true atolls. Its population of 11,992 makes it the third-least populated independent country in the world, with only Vatican City and Nauru having fewer inhabitants. It is also the second-smallest member by population of the United Nations. In terms of physical land size, at just 10 square miles Tuvalu is the fourth smallest country in the world, larger only than the Vatican City, Monaco and Nauru.

The first inhabitants of Tuvalu were Polynesian people, who arrived about 3000 years go. The islands came under Great Britain's sphere of influence in the late 19th century. The Ellice Islands were administered by Britain as part of a protectorate from 1892 to 1916 and as part of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands Colony from 1916 to 1974. In 1974 the Ellice Islanders voted for separate British dependency status as Tuvalu, separating from the Gilbert Islands which became Kiribati upon independence. Tuvalu became fully independent within The Commonwealth in 1978. with Queen Elizabeth II as titular head of state.

Because Tuvalu has few natural resources it has been dependent in recent years upon aid from larger, more developed nations, including Australia, New Zealand and the United States. The Perth Mint of Australia is officially commissioned by the government of Tuvalu to produce legal tender coinage for the island nation.




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